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My name is Mustafa Awais, I am basically from Pakistan & Currently living in Saudia Arabia, I am Civil Engineer as well as Web Master.

Bridge Inspection

Bridge Inspection

Bridge Inspection Bridge Inspection is of prime importance in any maintenance system since any sign of distress detected in early stages can be repair with minimum cost. All type of remedial and preventive maintenance including minor repair and replacement of bridge components should be planned at periodical interval without disturbing traffic on bridges. According to Raina following categories of inspection are generally adopted for pre-stress ... Read More »

Composite

Composite

Composite Composite construction is normally warranted when the cast-in-situ construction is very different, if not possible, more over composite construction is an automatic choice when the quality construction is not assured at site and speed of construction is decisive factor. So that the members are made some place else like factories or industry and then shifted to the site. Advantages ... Read More »

Creep

Creep

Creep The deformation or change in mass under sustain loading is called creep. Main aspects of Creep / Deformation in Concrete The deformation of concrete depends on various aspects as follows:- Concrete strength Strength of concrete at the time of transfer of theload Applied stress level Humidity and atmospheric condition Time at which its deformation is measured Loss of Pre-Stress due to Creep of Concrete The ... Read More »

Survey

Survey

Survey Definition It is a art of measuring horizontal and vertical distances between objects, of measuring angles between lines of determining the direction of lines and of establishing points by pre determined angular and linear measurement, distances, angles, direction, locating elevation, areas and volume are determined from data of surveyor and much of  surveyor information is pot rate, graphically by the ... Read More »

Compass

Compass

Compass A Compass generally consists of a (a) Magnetic Needle (b)Graduated Circle(c) A Line of Sight Types of Compass Prismatic Compass It is very valuable instrument and is commonly used for rough survey, when speed and accuracy is not the criteria, as for example rough traverse or preliminary survey for a road, it is less accurate then a theodolite, it is unreliable in magnetic rocks or iron ore. ... Read More »

Bearing of Line

Bearing of Line

Bearing of Line It is the horizontal angle which the lines makes with certain reference direction or meridian. Bearing are called magnetic bearing, assume bearing or arbitrary bearing or true bearings according as the meridian is magnetic assumed or arbitrary or true. Designation of Bearing There are two systems of representation of bearings. Whole Circle Bearing of Line In this ... Read More »

Railway

Railway

Railway A new railway line is required or Is proposed for the following purposes: 1) Strategic Consideration: Sometimes it becomes essential to join two points by a railway line for strategic purposes so that In case of emergency; the army can be transferred from one point to the other. 2) Linking of Trade Centers: Two trade centers may not be ... Read More »

Pile Foundation

Pile Foundation

Pile Foundation Pile foundation is a type of a deep foundation, where the spread foundation is also used but where the hard strata is laying deep beneath pile foundation is used. Conditions that Require Piles Upper layer high compressible too weak to support the load of super structure. To horizontal  forces pile resist by bending Pile resist uplift forces due to water ... Read More »

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