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My name is Mustafa Awais, I am basically from Pakistan & Currently living in Saudia Arabia, I am Civil Engineer as well as Web Master.

Liberty Reserve Shut Down | LR.

Liberty Reserve Shut Down

Liberty Reserve Shut Down Costa Rican arrested in Spain for alleged financial crimes Costa Rican authorities raided suspect´s home and offices in San José and Heredia. Arthur Budovsky Belanchuk, 39, on Friday was arrested in Spain as part of a money laundering investigation performed jointly by police agencies in the United States and Costa Rica. Costa Rican prosecutor José Pablo ... Read More »

Steel Structure


Steel Structure “Structures that are made from structural element steel in which members are joined together by rivets, bolts etc.” Structural Design “ Structural design can be defined as a mixture of art and Science, combining the engineer’s feeling for the behavior of a structure with a sound knowledge of the principles of statics, dynamics, mechanics of materials, and structural ... Read More »


Traditional Interpretations of Management There are a variety of views about this term. Traditionally, the term “management” refers to the activities (and often the group of people) involved in the four general functions listed below. (Note that the four functions recur throughout the organization and are highly integrated) Definition of Management Traditionally, the term “management” refers to the activities (and ... Read More »


Permeability Permeability is defined as the property of a porous material which permits the passage or seepage of water (or other fluids) through its interconnecting voids. A material having continuous voids is called permeable. Gravels are high permeability while stiff clay is the least permeable, and hence such a clay may be termed impermeable for all practical purposes. The flow of ... Read More »

Factors Affecting Permeability

Factors Affecting Permeability The Poiseuillc’s law adapted for the flow through the soil pores. Comparing it with the Darcy’s. law q = k i A Thus, the factors affecting permeability are:  Grain size  Properties of the pore fluid  Voids ratio of the soil  Structural arrangement of the soil panicle  Entrapped air and for foreign matter Adsorbed water in clayey soils. 1. ... Read More »


Introduction to Hydrology Water is vital for all living organisms on Earth. For centuries, people have been investigating where water comes from and where it goes, why some of it is salty and some is fresh, why sometimes there is not enough and sometimes too much. All questions and answers related to water have been grouped together into one discipline. ... Read More »

History of Hydrology

History of Hydrology

History of Hydrology Some qualitative phases of hydrology were developed during the late nineteenth century. Quantitative research was done in early years of the present century by Horton, Sherman, Meyer, Mead and others.  The last two decades shown great advance stimulated by increased government interest in flood control, soil conservation, river navigation and hydro-electric power development. Attempts were made to ... Read More »

Basic Terminologies of Hydrology

Basic Terminologies of Hydrology Discharge “Volume of water passing at a particular point in unit time.” Hydrological Cycle “The continuous process by which water is circulated throughout the Earth and its atmosphere.“ Evaporation “Process by which liquid water is converted into water vapor.“ Transpiration “Water discharged into the atmosphere from plant surfaces.” Evapo-transpiration “Combination of evaporation from free water surfaces ... Read More »

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