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Civic Survey

Civic Survey

Civic Survey The civic survey or town survey is conducted with special reference to the conditions prevailing in and around the town to be planned. The topics which are usually covered in the civic survey are as follow: Communication Amenities The means of communication such as roads, railways and waterways are studied together with their inter-relationship. A study of the characteristics of traffic and its density also made. Contour ... Read More »

Survey

Survey

Survey Definition It is a art of measuring horizontal and vertical distances between objects, of measuring angles between lines of determining the direction of lines and of establishing points by pre determined angular and linear measurement, distances, angles, direction, locating elevation, areas and volume are determined from data of surveyor and much of  surveyor information is pot rate, graphically by the ... Read More »

Compass

Compass

Compass A Compass generally consists of a (a) Magnetic Needle (b)Graduated Circle(c) A Line of Sight Types of Compass Prismatic Compass It is very valuable instrument and is commonly used for rough survey, when speed and accuracy is not the criteria, as for example rough traverse or preliminary survey for a road, it is less accurate then a theodolite, it is unreliable in magnetic rocks or iron ore. ... Read More »

Bearing of Line

Bearing of Line

Bearing of Line It is the horizontal angle which the lines makes with certain reference direction or meridian. Bearing are called magnetic bearing, assume bearing or arbitrary bearing or true bearings according as the meridian is magnetic assumed or arbitrary or true. Designation of Bearing There are two systems of representation of bearings. Whole Circle Bearing of Line In this ... Read More »

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