Traditional Interpretations of Management
There are a variety of views about this term. Traditionally, the term “management” refers to the activities (and often the group of people) involved in the four general functions listed below. (Note that the four functions recur throughout the organization and are highly integrated)
Definition of Management
- Traditionally, the term “management” refers to the activities (and often the group of people) involved in the four general functions:
- leading and
- coordinating of resources.
- The four functions recur throughout the organization and are highly integrated.
- Emerging trends in management explains that leading is different than managing,
Interpretations of Management
- Another common view is that “management” is getting things done through others. Yet another view, quite apart from the traditional view
- The job of management is to support employee’s efforts to be fully productive members of the organizations and citizens of the community.
- To most employees, the term “management” probably means the group of people (executives and other managers) who are primarily responsible for making decisions in the organization.
- In a nonprofit, the term “management” might refer to all or any of the activities of the board, executive director and/or program directors.
- Some writers, teachers and practitioners assert that the above view that management needs to focus more on
- skills, e.g., establishing vision and goals, communicating the vision and goals, and guiding others to accomplish them.
- They also assert that leadership must be more facilitative, participative and empowering in how visions and goals are established and carried out. Some people assert that this really isn’t a change in the management functions, rather it’s re-emphasizing certain aspects of management.