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The prime characteristic of slums is substandard housing. where the need of life is difficult to fulfill,  But a slum is always an area, a single neglected building, even in the worst stage of deterioration, does not make a slum. Thus the areas characterized by sub standard housing conditions with in the city or someplace outside the city are known as the slums.
A well known scholar  rightly observed about the slums that” God made the world, Man made the town but Devil made the slum

Cause of Slums

The formation of slums area in any town is due the various reasons. Following are the main cause s of slums

  • Decentralization

When decentralization take place the rich and middle class people move out of the extended portions of the town and thus the poor people are left unattended in the overcrowded central area of the town

  • Economic Conditions

The unemployment and growth of population may force the affected persons to stay even in unhealthy atmosphere in fact  the most important and universal characteristic of slum is poverty

  • Education

If the inhabitant are lacking in education they may be easily dragged into social evil without any attention to improvement of the living condition

  • Improper use of Land

If the lands fit for residence are used for industries or vice versa the slums are formed

  • Industrialization

The slums may be said to be the direct evil result from industrialization which in the early stages never took care of planning houses of labor

  • Lack of Zoning

If the town is not divided into the suitable zones and development is allowed to take place at random, the slums may be created

  • Migrants

The persons migrating from the surrounding areas may occupy, usually illegally, the vacant or empty places in or out the city

  • Powers of Local Authorities

If the local authority is concerned does not possess adequate powers to control the development of town, the slums may be formed

  • Repair and Maintained of slums

If cheap houses constructed by the land owner for the purpose of collect\ng rents are not properly maintained, then the slums may forms

About Mustafa

My name is Mustafa Awais, I am basically from Pakistan & Currently living in Saudia Arabia, I am Civil Engineer as well as Web Master.

One comment

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